Keeping in mind the traffic rules and social norms can help us to avoid road collisions. There are three common types of road collisions – Vehicle-pedestrian collisions, rear end collisions, and intersection/T-bone collisions. Each of these can cause serious injuries and property damage.
Keeping yourself safe at intersections is a top priority for any driver. T-bone collisions are the most common type of accidents at intersections. In a T-bone collision, the front of one vehicle crashes into the side of another vehicle. The collision typically results in injuries and a loss of control.
While intersections can be a safe place to travel, drivers often make careless mistakes that lead to T-bone collisions. There are many factors that can increase the risk of a deadly crash.
One of the most common causes of T-bone accidents is the failure to yield at an intersection. This is especially dangerous in high traffic areas. A driver who fails to yield may be driving at a high speed or may not have seen the stop sign. They could also be driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
Rear end collisions
Keeping your eyes on the road and minimizing distractions can prevent a rear end collision. Leaving a reasonable amount of space between your car and another vehicle also reduces the risk of a rear end collision.
Drivers should always maintain three to five seconds of distance behind another vehicle. This gives them time to brake if the vehicle in front of them slows down unexpectedly.
The biggest contributing factor to rear end collisions is driver negligence. Keeping a safe distance from another vehicle is the most important step to avoiding an accident. It is also the most difficult to achieve.
It is also important to check your rear view mirror often. If you don’t, you may miss an important signal that could lead to an accident.
Lane departure crashes
Keeping your vehicle in the lane can reduce the likelihood of a rear end crash. However, this is not always the case. Oftentimes, a vehicle will depart the lane of traffic without warning, usually at high speeds. This is not a good thing. If you are involved in a roadway departure crash, you may be liable for damages.
The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety has released new research on lane departure warning technology. This technology can help drivers avoid accidents by displaying warnings on a lane departure. It also decreases injuries and fatalities by 21 percent and 11 percent respectively.
There are numerous factors that contribute to roadway departure accidents. These include a lack of visibility, a medical condition, or driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Social norms and traffic rules
Several studies have shown that emotions are a powerful norm compliance mechanism in humans. Emotions help humans to avoid violations, maintain social norms, and sustain society. As an example, successful enforcement and education campaigns have used knowledge of people’s behaviors to help drivers stay on the right side of the road.
A mathematical model has been proposed to measure the emotional state of a driver. This information can be used to inform an AV robot to make a collision avoidance decision. Despite the importance of emotions in human society, there has been little research on AV collision avoidance decisions based on emotional motivation. However, the role of emotions in AVs collision avoidance decisions is a promising area of research. The authors show that social norms can be used to design human-compatible social AVs robots that can avoid road collisions.