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Sprinkler Irrigation System Basics



There are two types of sprinkler irrigation systems. One type is automatic, while the other is manual. An automatic system requires a stationary pumping unit and buried mains. This type of irrigation system does not interfere with firming works. The other type is more expensive and must be installed manually.

Variations of sprinkler irrigation systems

Sprinkler irrigation systems are available in a variety of styles to accommodate your lawn and landscaping needs. Some have sleek profiles while others are bulky and rustic. Some include key features like rain sensors, which can help you conserve water. Choosing the right system for your landscape can help you maintain your lawn in top condition.

Sprinkler irrigation systems are made up of a series of pipes that distribute water in the air through sprinklers. The pipes are designed to allow for even distribution of water. They are suitable for most field, row and tree crops, and are adjustable to any slope. They can also be used for irrigating trees.


The cost of a sprinkler irrigation system is largely dependent on the type and size of the lawn. There are many options available and the initial costs can vary greatly. For example, a sprinkler system may require the purchase of PVC piping and other materials. Additionally, you may need to hire contractors to install the system, which can increase the total cost.

A sprinkler irrigation system is typically about $1000 per zone, including the sprinkler heads and irrigation line. However, a commercial system can cost anywhere from $1,000 to $7,000 per acre. A drip irrigation system, on the other hand, costs between $300 and $1,200 per zone. Drip systems are more efficient because the water is dispensed to the plant’s base rather than being blown away.

Application rate

The application rate of your sprinkler irrigation system is determined by the number of sprinklers on your property. For example, if you have eight sprinklers, you can adjust the rate to apply one to two inches of water to each sprinkler. In contrast, if you want to apply three inches of water, you must adjust the rate to one-fourth inch per sprinkler.

There are two ways to calculate the application rate of your sprinkler irrigation system: the effective application rate form and the wheel-line rate form. In each case, you measure the pressure at each sprinkler nozzle. Then, you divide the pressure in mm per square inch by the spacing between sprinklers in the field. The effective application rate for each sprinkler depends on the pressure that the sprinklers generate.

Problems with sprinklers

Sprinkler irrigation systems can cause problems for homeowners and their lawns. Whether they are not working correctly or running on time, they can cause a number of problems. If the system is malfunctioning, these problems should be fixed before your sprinklers can cause further damage to your lawn. Some common problems include sprinkler heads running into lawnmowers and shovels, and sprinkler valves that are not properly installed. Fortunately, there are simple solutions to these problems.

Sprinkler irrigation system problems are common, and can be fixed by the homeowner. Fortunately, they are relatively easy to fix and usually only require minor changes to a few parts. Identifying these problems early can save you a lot of money in repair and replacement costs.


In order to keep your sprinkler irrigation system working at its optimal level, you need to conduct regular maintenance on it. This includes checking the controller to make sure it is working properly and plugged into the power source. You should also make sure to set the time and date on the controller and replace the battery if needed. In addition, it is important to adjust the irrigation schedule to meet the current season and landscape conditions.

It is also important to walk the irrigation system while it is running. This will help you identify mechanical issues that can affect uniformity. A cracked or damaged sprinkler head can lead to uneven spraying. A clogged nozzle can prevent water from reaching the plants. Lastly, sprinklers may not run if they become stuck or blocked.

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